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M9U1 Welcome
发布人:陈虹秀 浏览:692次 时间:2019/1/7 20:21:56

牛津高中英语教学设计

 

单  元:Unit 1 Other countries, other cultures

板  块:Welcome to the unit

Thoughts on the design:

本节课是以说为主的单元引入课。目的是为接下去要学习的新的单元做知识的导入和激发学生对单元其他部分的兴趣。这一单元主要是对各个国家的不同文化的介绍,对各国的文化学生应该都有些认识和了解,但是不一定会了解得比较具体、深入,用英语表达出来也不是那么容易。所以在这单元的第一节课中,主要还是通过让学生开动脑筋思考和回答问题及对一些不同国家不同文化的介绍来加深学生对文化的认识和不同地方文化之间的比较。通过积极参与和团体合作让学生和课堂融为一体,把课堂活动和知识渗透交织在一起,真正地把课堂气氛激活起来,并为本单元下面内容的学习打好基础。

Teaching aims:

After answering the questions, the students will be able to develop their speaking skills;

After working with their partners, the students will be able to realize the importance of co-operation;

After learning some different cultures in different countries, the students will be able to know more about the countries and cultures and can have a clear idea of the differences between cultures.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1    Brainstorming

Different countries have different cultures. Learning about other countries and their cultures is a particularly enriching experience.

From which aspect can a country’s culture be reflected?

geography; climate; animals; plants; history; language; education; population; government; lifestyle; customs; arts; etc

Can you find out which country does the following symbol represent? (Use the PPT to show the students the pictures one by one and ask them to answer the questions)

The Pyramid and the Sphinx     Egypt

Leaning Tower Of Pisa         Italy

Taj Mahal                   India

William Shakespeare          — the UK

 [Explanation]

这一步骤是为了活跃课堂气氛,激发学生的兴趣。先从本单元的题目:Other Countries, Other Cultures 引出话题:各个国家的文化是不同的,什么可以代表这个国家的文化?让学生开动脑筋,积极思考。再给出4幅图片,都是学生非常熟悉的有名的建筑或人物,同时也是能代表该国家文化的标志,通过让学生回答这些代表的归属地,让学生对此话题产生兴趣。

 

Step 2    Sharing information

What about the pictures on P1? Which country does each symbol on page 1 belong to? (Use the PPT to show the students the 4 pictures and at the same time, ask them the following questions)

Picture 1

Who are the men in picture one?

These policemen are famous for ‘always getting their man’.

Do you know something more about them?

The RCMP was originally called North-West Mounted Police, which was formed in 1873. In 1920, it was renamed the Royal Canadian Mounted as a means of transport by the police in Canada. Now, various modern facilities are used instead. The official motto of the force is ‘Uphold the right’.

What other things can you think of to represent Canada?

Maple.

Beaver.

Picture 2

Who is the man in picture two?

The man is a beefeater, or the Yeomen Warder of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London. In the past, the beefeaters looked after the prisoners in the London Tower and guarded the Britain crown jewels. Now, they no longer safeguard the Queen’s jewels. Instead, they are ceremonial guardians who also act as tour guides. To most of the tourists, they are tourist attractions in their own right.

What other things can you think of to represent the UK?

Big Ben.

Cambridge University.

Picture 3

What’s the name of this building in picture three?

The Sydney Opera House.

Do you know something more about this famous building?

The Opera House, which looks like a group of seashells, represents both achievements in modern architecture and performance. It was constructed between 1957 and 1973. Since its official opening, it has attracted famous performers and tourists from all around the world.

What other things can you think of to represent Australia?

Koala.

Great Barrier Reef.

Picture 4

What’s the name of this magnificent place?

Empire State Building

What other things can you think of to represent the USA?

Statue of Liberty.

The White House.

[Explanation]

这一步骤是本课的核心内容,针对书上给出的四幅图片对其分别进行了文化的介绍。主要运用的方法是先展示图片,然后提问,最后进行文化的补充。在四幅图片的处理上,因为学生可能对个别图片比较陌生,例如第四幅图片,而对个别图片比较了解,例如第三幅图片,所以可以对学生比较了解的图片多进行提问,或者是问多点学生,对答案进一步补充,而针对学生不是很了解的图片,可以采取知识直接输入的方法直接进行介绍。在对每一幅图片进行提问和讲解之后,这一步骤比书上还多了一层知识输入:让学生开动脑筋,回答在该国,除了图片上的代表之外,还有什么可以代表该国的文化。

 

Step 3     Further information

We have learned something about foreign cultures in foreign countries. What about our own country? Can you choose a symbol to represent China?

Possible answers:

The Great Wall:

The Great Wall, like the Pyramids of Egypt and the Taj Mahal in India, is one of the great wonders of the world.

Starting out in the east on the banks of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province, the Wall stretches westwards for 12,700 kilometers to Jiayuguan in the Gobi desert, thus known as the Ten Thousand Li Wall in China. The Wall climbs up and down, twists and turns along the ridges of the Yanshan and Yinshan Mountain Chains through five provinces—Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu—and two autonomous regions—Ningxia and Inner Mongolia, binding the northern China together.

The construction of the origin of the Wall dates back to the year 656 B.C. Later in 221 B.C., Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the connection of the individual walls and further extensions to form the basis of the present great wall.

The Wall is 7.8 meters high and 6.5 meters wide at its base, narrowing to 5.8 meters on the ramparts, wide enough for five horses to gallop abreast. As a cultural heritage, the Wall belongs not only to China but to the world. The Great Wall is the largest of such historical and cultural architecture, and that is why it continues to be so attractive to people all over the world. In 1987, the Wall was listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site.

 

Bird’s Nest (the National Stadium)

The Beijing National Stadium, completed in 2008, is the main track and field stadium for the 2008 Summer Olympics and host to the Opening and Closing ceremonies. The stadium is 330 metres long by 220 metres wide, and is 69.2 metres tall. It can hold 91,000 people at its most. The roof of the stadium has been omitted from the design. Experts say that this will make the stadium safer, whilst reducing construction costs.

The stadium was conceived as a large collective vessel, which makes a distinctive and unmistakable impression both from a distance and when seen from up close. It meets all the functional and technical requirements of an Olympic National Stadium.

 

Dragon Boat Race

It is an activity performed in the Dragon-Boat Festival, which is a traditional Chinese festival held on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar.

The festival memorializes the Chinese poet Qu Yuan of the Warring States Period. He committed suicide by drowning himself in a river because he was disgusted by the corruption of the Chu government. The local people, knowing him to be a good man, decided to throw food into the river to feed the fishes to prevent them from eating Qu’s body. They also sat on dragon boats, and tried to scare the fishes away by the thundering sound of drums aboard the boat and the fierce looking dragon-head in the front of the boat.

Today, people eat zongzi (the food originally intended to feed the fishes) and race dragon boats in memory of Qu’s dramatic death.

 

Giant Panda

The giant panda is a mammal classified in the bear family, native to central and southern China.

The panda’s main food is bamboo, but they may eat other foods such as honey, eggs, fish, and yams. Easily recognizable through its large, distinctive black patches around the eyes, ears and on its body, giant pandas are an endangered species, threatened by continued habitat loss and by a very low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity. As a Chinese, we should call on others to protect giant panda and do our best to protect the environment to ensure these lovely animals a good habitat.

 [Explanation]

本步骤把讨论的中心从国外转到国内,要求学生讨论在自己国家的文化代表。这是学生熟悉也是他们感兴趣的话题。所以可以把问题进一步深入,请学生谈谈对于该文化代表的认识。如果有好几个学生的答案一样,可以请几个学生谈谈,进行比较和补充。本步骤是对步骤二的深入,既让学生有机会谈论自己非常熟悉的话题, 学习如何用英语描述自己熟悉的话题,又可以进一步激发学生对本单元的兴趣。

 

Step 4    Group Discussion

How did these things come to be seen as symbols of their countries?

Many different things have come to represent their country. It could be a building, an animal or a plant, the landscape or the people. These things came to be seen as the symbol of their country for various reasons. However, they all have something in common. All of these things are typical or unique to that country. They also reflect the culture of their country, and are respected and loved by its people.

[Explanation]

因为整个单元要讲的都是文化和国家的关系,所以在前面步骤23的发散思维以后,此处对整课内容进行总结,回到文化代表和国家之间的关系上来。给这一课做一个很好的结尾。

 

Step 5   Homework

Preview the reading part.

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